Prints

This site is dedicated to the prints taken from the original plate etchings created by the Spanish Artist Francisco Goya.  There are many site on the internet dedicated to the Artist's life and works.  This site is meant to provide information about the different editions of prints and their construction   

Escape_to_Egypt

One of Goya's first known prints "Escape to Egypt", was etched a short time after the artists returned to Spain from Italy in the 1770s.  There are seven prints of the etching from the original plate known to exist today.   This work was likely one of Goya's first attempts at etching.  The print would be almost unrecognizable as his work if it were not for the fact that Goya signed the plate.  The print represents the first steps down a road that would span the next forty years of the artists career.  From his first prints, Goya would develop his craft and produce 4 major series of prints over his lifetime.  

Baltasar Carlos, after VelasquezIn the late 1770s Goya started working on a set of prints that were meant to reproduce the famous works of Velasquez that were being displayed in the Royal palace in Madrid.  In July of 1778, a series of nine prints were advertised in Gazeta de Madrid for sale to the public.    

Caprichos, plate 39

In 1799 Goya released a set of 80 prints for sale to the public that would become know as "Los Caprichos".  The prints cast a critical and satiracle eye on many aspects of Spanish life including the clergy, the crown, and the vices of society.  Only about 60 of the original 300 sets produced during Goya's lifetime were sold or given to friends.  There is almost no contemporary information about the prints recepetion to the public, but it is believe that they drew the attention of the Inquisition, and were removed from sale to avoid problems for the artist.  The remaining sets and original copper plates were handed into the King in ~1801 in return for a yearly pension for Goya's son.

In 1808 French troops entered Spain and marked the begining of a conflict that would be fought across Spain for the next 6 years.  In 1810 Goya started working on a number of prints depicting events and cruelties of the conflict.  These prints would eventually come together over the next 10 years to form a series of 82 plates called "The Disasters of War".  While a number of proof sets were made by Goya, he never released this series of prints while he was alive.  The first edition of prints was not made until 1863, well after his death. 

In 1825 while Goya was still putting together "The Disasters of War", he began working on a series of prints that depicted the history and sport of bull fighting.  In 1816, the Gazeta de Madrid ran an advertisement anouncing the sale of the Tauromaqia.  The set of 33 prints was meant to give the viewer a sense if the origins, progression, and state of bullfighting at the time that they were completed.